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Youth employment, when properly structured and integrated into the lives of adolescents and young adults, can be a valuable experience in the transition to adulthood and independence. Paid part-time work may be particularly valuable when it involves moderate hours and is viewed as complementary to the completion of schooling or training. In some ways, however, paid full-time work may be even more important for those who leave school before they complete it and those who go to work immediately after high school completion. For them, the alternatives to fulltime work are underemployment or unemployment, neither of which are likely to promote a smooth transition into adulthood. As a result, there has been a

Dual approach to facilitating youth employment, with one branch placing a heavy emphasis on making valuable part-time learning experiences available for youth who are still in school and the other focusing on a smooth transition of youthful workers into the labor force, thereby avoiding the risks associated with youth unemployment.

Developed countries have often focused on integrating work experience and schooling, putting in place policies and programs that have been derived from the highly successful German apprenticeship model. Partnerships between public and private sectors and between schools and businesses have often been the foundation of such efforts. In less developed countries, the primary focus has been on providing employment for young people that is safe and offers them at least a reasonable chance of supporting their young families. It should be clear, therefore, that just as youth employment is quite variable in nature and highly context specific, so are methods to facilitate youth employment.

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Literatura: Encyclopedia of Applied Psychology