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32 Positive Effects of Youth Employment

Although the potential negative consequences of youth employment have received what some consider an inordinate amount of attention, most youth, as well as their families, feel overwhelmingly positive about part-time work. They tend to adhere to the idea that part-time work pursued in moderation represents a beneficial experience. Jeylan Mortimer and colleagues at the University of Minnesota have contributed significant findings regarding youth employment through their Youth Development Study. They found that stable work, limited to less than 20 hours per week and including good relationships with supervisors, tended to buffer the effects of family problems and to promote positive vocational development. Other researchers have confirmed that young people who work for pay tend to learn valuable lessons in self-discipline and that they often develop important insights into aspects of work that they value highly and those that they do not value. Moreover, youth employment is often instrumental in helping young workers to know what they do not want to doarguably at least as important as knowing what they do want to do. Equally important, youth employment facilitates the development of a vocational or occupational identity, which is a key component of ones overall identity. Thus, in important ways, youth employment assists adolescents and young adults in answering the question, Who am I?

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Literatura: Encyclopedia of Applied Psychology